Zod luujin tavikh tsakhiurtyn khuree

Read in Mongolian

Name(s) of Temple :
Zod luujin tavikh tsakhiurtyn khuree,Baruun datsan,

Rinchen Number :
18

Rinchen Name :
Baruun datsan khural, Badrakhyn khuree, Tsakhiurtyn khuree, Tsenkheriin khuree

Type of Temple :
Temple

Aimag Temple located in :
Uvs

Sum Temple located in :
Tsagaankhairkhan soum

Old Aimag Name :
Zasagt Khan

Old Sum Name :
Branch of Luu janjin gun

Precis History(In Mongolian only):


Description of location :
The historical site occupies the Khan Khukhiin mountain range. True north of the site are 3 distinctive yellow rocks which are found on the yellow lofty mountain Tsakhiurt. The name Tsakhiurt is inspired by its distinct colour. To the south of the site are low-rise mountains and a valley with hillocks. A spring Tsakhirt Bulag is 4 km. south of the historical site. It streams during all four seasons and its shorelines are home to herder families. There are bare, low-rise knolls amidst the mountains and on both sides of the spring. There is no homestead or establishment that surrounds the area.

GPS readings :
North 49° 15’  East 094°  25’

Estimated site dimensions (metres) :
Side1: 85 x 50 Side2: Side3: Side4: Side5: Side6:

Revived temple on site :
No

Status of site at time of survey :
There are traces of temple buildings and other establishments on the historical site, especially the stone base from the main Tsogchen Dugan. At a height of 70-90 cm. elevation in the southern part of the stone base, this may suggest its 4-5 rooms. The main Tsogchen Dugan was made from wood so the only thing remaining from this site is its stone base. Our team has tried our best to illustrate the 5 building bases and 1 ger base which were found at the back of the main Tsogchen Dugan in a sunken area. The dimensions are also noted on the back of the map page. Currently the site is guarded by Nyamjav, a herdsman from Tsagaankhairkhan sum in Uvs province. Next to his homestead is another homestead occupied by Nyamjav’s children.

Site used for other purpose :
There are traces of temple buildings and other establishments on the historical site, especially the stone base from the main Tsogchen Dugan. At a height of 70-90 cm. elevation in the southern part of the stone base, this may suggest its 4-5 rooms. The main Tsogchen Dugan was made from wood so the only thing remaining from this site is its stone base. Our team has tried our best to illustrate the 5 building bases and 1 ger base which were found at the back of the main Tsogchen Dugan in a sunken area. The dimensions are also noted on the back of the map page. Currently the site is guarded by Nyamjav, a herdsman from Tsagaankhairkhan sum in Uvs province. Next to his homestead is another homestead occupied by Nyamjav’s children.

Date of founding the monastery/temple :
1800
Lu janjin gun Luvsandondov
Lu janjin gun

Date of closing and destroying the monastery :
Огноо хаагдсан: 1937 - Ярилцлагын дугаар:001
Огноо хаагдсан: 1937 - Ярилцлагын дугаар:002
Огноо нураагдсан:: 1938 - Ярилцлагын дугаар:001
Огноо нураагдсан:: 1942-1943 - Ярилцлагын дугаар:002

Site used for other purpose :
There are traces of temple buildings and other establishments on the historical site, especially the stone base from the main Tsogchen Dugan. At a height of 70-90 cm. elevation in the southern part of the stone base, this may suggest its 4-5 rooms. The main Tsogchen Dugan was made from wood so the only thing remaining from this site is its stone base. Our team has tried our best to illustrate the 5 building bases and 1 ger base which were found at the back of the main Tsogchen Dugan in a sunken area. The dimensions are also noted on the back of the map page. Currently the site is guarded by Nyamjav, a herdsman from Tsagaankhairkhan sum in Uvs province. Next to his homestead is another homestead occupied by Nyamjav’s children.

Old monastery/temple revived:
No

Үүсгэн байгуулагч хүний нэр болон цол хэргэм (мэдэгдэж байвал):
Нэр, цол хэргэм : - Ярилцлагын дугаар:

Date of Reviving:
Year : - Ярилцлагын дугаар:

Monks in Old Temple :
a few, not many
number of lamas are unknown, many

Notes :
1. Tsakhiurt monastery was on the south-facing slope of a mountain called Tsakhiurtai 20 km from the center of Tsagaankhairkhan soum in the south-west. The monastery belonged to the red sect in Buddhism. Zod and luijin were done there. 2. The monastery had a history that bad evils were killed and sacred territory was worshipped. There were gelen lamas in the monastery. Now a man whose name is Nyamsuren lives next to the site. His nickname is “5 sakhal Nyal”. His aunt studied at the monastery. So he guards the site and makes traditional medicine. 5. The monastery was called as Thakhiurt. There is valley at the south side of the site. There is spring called Thakhiurt 4 km to the south of the site. Herders and animals drink from this spring during the four seasons. Around the site, there are small hills, valleys. There are no centres and towns near the site. 6. Monastery structure was organized as rooms. The main temple was a wooden temple. So only the stone foundation remains. No bricks and clay were left. Behind the main temple foundation, there are the bases of five buildings and a ger foundation. We tried to draw clearly a sketch of the site. Herder families of Nyamjav live next to the site and save/protect it. Nyamjav talked about the monastery ‘it was called “West temple” when I was a child. My ancestors lived near the monastery for a long time.’ 11. In 1944, natural disaster resulting from excessive snow Zud occurred in my soum. When I herd animals around the area at that time, most of the buildings and temples were pulled down. On the south side, there were some small buildings. How and when the temples and buildings were pulled down is unclear. One building was rebuilt as a Revolution Party building in the soum center later. 1. Zuun khangai was called earlier Badrakh khoshuu. People also called it Bayagiin khoshuu. The monastery name, Badrakh, is related to this name. The monastery named by Naymsuren as Baruun datsan is traditionally named Tsakhiurt monastery. Nyala or Naymsuren wants to build medicine temple on the foundation of the monastery. He teaches how to recognize herbs and usage of the herbs to his children. 1. The site Tsakhiurtai Khuree is located on the inner slopes of Tsakhiurtai Mountain, about 20 km.west of the Tsagaankhairkhan sum centre in Uvs Province. The monastic city had a Red Sect monastery which used to service the Zad Luujin ceremony. When I was young the monastic city was called The Western Datsan. Our family and the descendents resided near this monastic city for many generations. The Eastern Khangai used to be called Badrakh Barren or Baya’s Barren. Therefore the name Badrakh Khuree is inspired by this landmark’s name. According to the local resident who has guarded the Khuree base for many years and a traditional medicine practitioner and bonesetter, Nyamsuren, the eastern datsan hall is called Tsakhiurtai Khuree. Nyamsuren is interested in building a traditional medicine centre Manbadatsan in a ravine that is found next to the khuree. He is currently teaching children on the availability of herbal medicines and the methods to use them. 3. There is a story about how the khuree defeated an evil spirit by worshiping the savaged landmarks. Locals told our team that the monastery was home to high ranking monks such as bhikshu. Currently Nyamsuren has a homestead next to the Tsakhiurtai Khuree base. His nickname is Tavan Sakhal Nyalaa. His uncle, his father’s brother, resided at the Tsakhiurtai Khuree. He lives here with his children. 11. In 1994, we have experienced an extreme zud and during this time most of the building sites were shut down. In the south of the site, it had a few smaller buildings and it is not known how these buildings were demolished. Later, one building from this Khuree was moved to Tsagaankhairkhan centre to construct an administration building for Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party.

Form Number :
УВЦХ 016

Survey Team :
Team А

Газрын зураг / Map

Site Plan

Site plan drawn by surveyors